Cleveland RTA Public Transit Accidents

“I have been there so many times before and NOW I will be there for YOU and your family.”
- Tim Misny - The man that “Makes Them Pay!®”

“Please understand that the slogan, I’ll Make Them Pay!® is not a guarantee of payment. Both liability and real damages must be proven with preponderance of the evidence.” – Tim Misny

Cleveland RTA Public Transit Accidents

RTA Accident Attorney

As a Cleveland bus accident lawyer, I’ve helped dozens of RTA accident victims obtain financial compensation for their injuries. If you or a family member have been injured while riding on an RTA bus or rapid transit, call me to discuss your injury claim. As always, you will never pay a single penny out of your own pocket! I only get paid if you get paid.

The Greater Cleveland Regional Transit Authority (RTA) operates public transportation throughout the Cleveland area. Altogether, the RTA operates rapid transit, light rail, and bus systems throughout Cuyahoga County. Commuters can take advantage of the rapid transit system and the HealthLine BRT, while many other riders routinely use the RTA bus service for transportation around the city, or the downtown trolley.

Many Cleveland-area residents rely on the RTA for transportation from one place to another, but riders should be aware that RTA accidents also happen. Passengers can suffer severe injuries when riding on a public transit vehicle involved in a collision. Public transportation accidents occur far too often, and result in thousands of injuries annually throughout the country. Pedestrians and cyclists are not safe either. They can sustain serious and fatal injuries if struck by an RTA bus or other public transit vehicle.

If you or someone you love were hurt in a collision caused by an RTA transit vehicle, I want to help you seek and obtain the financial compensation you deserve. As a highly experienced Cleveland accident lawyer, let’s talk today. Call the Law Firm of Tim Misny as soon as possible!

Common Types of Public Transit Accidents in Cleveland

There are many ways public transit accidents can occur. Examples include:

Bus Accident

A bus accident occurs when a Regional Transit Authority (RTA) bus collides with another vehicle, pedestrian, or object. These accidents often occur at intersections, lane changes, or when a bus driver is unable to stop in time to avoid a collision. Bus accidents can result in serious injuries to passengers, pedestrians, cyclists and occupants of other vehicles involved in the accident.

Train Derailment

A train derailment is a public transportation accident in which an RTA train goes off of its tracks. This can happen due to various factors such as track defects, equipment malfunction, or driver error. Train derailments can result in serious injuries to passengers on the train, and may also pose risks to people and property near the tracks.

Slip and Fall Accidents

Slip and fall accidents can occur within RTA stations, bus stops, or on the vehicles themselves. These accidents typically involve passengers or pedestrians slipping or tripping due to wet floors, uneven surfaces, or other hazards on RTA premises. These public areas are supposed to be properly maintained to avoid falls. Such accidents can lead to injuries such as sprains, fractures, head injuries and more.

Train Collisions

Collisions results when two or more RTA trains collide. This can happen in depots, rail yards, or along the tracks. Passengers can suffer injuries by the sudden jolt or from tossing and turning by a derailment caused by the collision.

Platform Accidents

Bus passengers could suffer injury while waiting for or boarding buses or trains. Overcrowding, platform defects, or passenger-related issues can lead to unfortunate injury, sometimes severe.

Electrical Malfunctions

Electrical malfunctions sometimes occur on RTA vehicles or at stations, and may result in fires or electrocutions. Faulty wiring, equipment failures, or power surges can all contribute to these types of accidents.

Vehicle-Pedestrian Accidents

RTA vehicles colliding with pedestrians can be devastating. These incidents happen at crosswalks, intersections, or when pedestrians attempt to cross tracks or streets without using proper caution.

Mechanical Failures

Unfortunately, mechanical failures do happen. Essential components of vehicles, such as brakes or engines can malfunction. It is vitally important for these vehicles to be properly maintained, to ensure the safety of everyone.

By addressing these bus accidents and prioritizing safety measures, regular maintenance, and proper training for train operators and bus drivers, the RTA can minimize the occurrence of accidents. However, when these steps are overlooked, unfortunate accidents occur. Changeable weather also plays a role in Cleveland bus accidents. Icy road conditions can create havoc on our roads, and can result in serious injury. If you’ve been hurt in an accident while riding a RTA bus or train, call me, I’ll Make Them Pay!®

Common Injuries Resulting from an RTA Accident

 Many kinds of injuries can result from RTA accidents, and they range widely in terms of their severity. Common injuries include:

  1. Broken Bones or Fractures:

    • Limb fractures (e.g., arms, legs): specifically, broken bones of the arms and/or legs causing serious pain, swelling, and limited mobility.

    • Rib fractures: Fractures or complete breaks to one or more ribs, can cause excruciating pain, difficulty inhaling/breathing, and increases the potential for developing pneumonia.

    • Pelvic fractures: These fractures affect the bones of the pelvis and can result in severe pain, inability to walk, and potential internal organ damage.

    • Collarbone fractures: A broken collarbone can cause pain, shoulder drooping, and limited arm movement.

    • Facial bone fractures (e.g., jaw, cheekbones): Facial bone fractures can cause pain, swelling, and in severe cases, facial disfigurement.

  2. Traumatic Brain Injuries (TBIs):

    • Mild concussions: Mild TBIs often result in confusion, headaches, and temporary memory loss.

    • Moderate to severe TBIs: These injuries can cause long-term cognitive deficits, memory problems, and changes in behavior.

    • Cerebral contusions: A cerebral contusion indicates bruising of the brain tissue. This can lead to cognitive impairments and neurological deficits.

    • Intracranial hemorrhages: Hemorrhages/ bleeding within the brain can be life-threatening.

  3. Spinal Cord Injuries (SCIs):

    • Paraplegia (paralysis of the lower limbs): Paraplegia is the loss of motor function and sensation in the lower body.

    • Quadriplegia (paralysis of all four limbs): Quadriplegia is the irreversible paralysis of the upper and lower body, often resulting in severe disability.

    • Nerve damage: Spinal cord injuries suffered in accidents often damage nerves, causing chronic pain and mobility issues.

  4. Amputations or Loss of Limb:

    • Loss of fingers, hands, toes, or feet: Amputations of digits involves the removal of a limb or portion of a limb, which can significantly impact mobility and daily life.

    • Upper or lower limb amputations: Amputations of entire limbs, such as arms or legs, may require prosthetic limbs and extensive rehabilitation.

    • Reconstructive surgeries: In some cases, reconstructive surgeries may be performed to repair or improve the appearance and function of amputated limbs.

  5. Facial Injuries and Disfigurement:

    • Facial lacerations and contusions: These injuries can result in visible scars and may require surgical repair.

    • Broken or dislocated jaw: Jaw injuries can affect speech, chewing, and facial aesthetics.

    • Dental injuries: Trauma to the face can cause tooth loss or damage, requiring extensive dental work.

    • Permanent scarring and disfigurement: Severe facial injuries can lead to permanent disfigurement, affecting one’s self-esteem and quality of life.

  6. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD):

    • Emotional and psychological trauma: PTSD is a mental health condition characterized by flashbacks, anxiety, and emotional distress following a traumatic event.

    • Flashbacks and nightmares: Individuals with PTSD may experience intrusive and distressing memories of the accident.

    • Anxiety and depression: PTSD often leads to persistent feelings of anxiety and depression.

    • Sleep disturbances and emotional distress: Sleep problems and emotional challenges are common in individuals suffering with PTSD.

  7. Internal Injuries:

    • Organ damage (e.g., liver, spleen): Blunt force trauma can cause internal organ injuries, leading to pain, and organ dysfunction.

    • Internal bleeding: Internal bleeding can result from internal trauma, potentially resulting in life-threatening situations.

    • Abdominal injuries: Trauma to the abdomen can damage to internal organs and necessitate long-term medical care.

    • Chest injuries (e.g., collapsed lung): Injuries to the chest can result a broken ribs and collapsed lungs.

  8. Soft Tissue Injuries:

    • Strains and sprains: Soft tissue injuries include damage to muscles, tendons, or ligaments and cause pain, and reduced mobility.

    • Whiplash: Whiplash is a neck injury commonly associated with sudden deceleration, causing neck pain and stiffness.

    • Contusions (bruises): Contusions are bruises caused by blunt trauma, resulting in localized discoloration and pain.

    • Torn ligaments or tendons: Severe trauma can lead to torn ligaments or tendons, necessitating surgical repair and rehabilitation.

  9. Crush Injuries:

    • Crushed limbs: These injuries occur when arms or legs are compressed, causing tissue damage, fractures, and compartment syndrome.

    • Compartment syndrome: Compartment syndrome is a condition where increased pressure within muscle compartments can impair blood flow, requiring surgical intervention.

    • Muscle and tissue damage: Crush injuries can cause significant damage to muscles and tissues, potentially leading to long-term complications.

  10. Eye Injuries:

    • Corneal abrasions: Corneal abrasions are scratches on the eyeball’s outer surface, causing severe pain and visual disturbances.

    • Retinal damage: Trauma to the eye can cause retinal damage or a detachment. If not surgically corrected, permanent blindness may result.

    • Eye trauma leading to vision impairment: Other severe eye injuries can result in permanent vision impairment or blindness.

  11. Respiratory Injuries:

    • Inhalation injuries (smoke or toxic fumes): Inhalation of smoke or toxic fumes can damage the respiratory system, leading to breathing difficulties and long-term lung problems.

    • Respiratory distress: Traumatic injuries may cause respiratory distress, which requires immediate medical attention.

    • Lung damage: Severe accidents can lead to lung damage, resulting in permanent respiratory impairment.

Suffering any of these injuries can be devastating. You will have to deal with severe pain, medical bills, extended recovery time, and likely lost wages due to missed work. Recovering compensation is vital for your physical recovery. Call me today for a free consultation.

Who is Responsible for a Cleveland Public Transit Accident?

 Liability for a public transit accident depend upon the specific facts of your case. In many situations, the driver or operator of the public transit vehicle may have been negligent, and that negligence may have caused the accident. Another motorist may be responsible for a collision involving a public transportation vehicle. In other cases, the public vehicle may have been improperly maintained and a factor in the accident.

Issues With The RTA

  1. Rail (Rapid Transit):

    • Aging Infrastructure: The RTA’s rail system faces challenges related to aging infrastructure, including tracks, stations, and signaling systems. Maintenance and upgrades are necessary to address wear and tear.

    • Service Disruptions: Due to maintenance needs and budget constraints, service disruptions have been a recurring issue for rail commuters, causing inconvenience and delays.

  2. Buses:

    • Funding Shortfalls: The bus system has struggled with funding shortfalls, impacting service frequency and reliability.

    • Old Buses: The bus fleet, particularly older diesel buses, raise concerns about safety and sustainability.

  3. Trolleys:

    • Maintenance and Reliability: Historic trolleys, though charming, have faced reliability issues due to their age. Frequent maintenance is required to keep them operational.

    • Sustainability Challenges: Maintaining historic trolleys, which may lack modern fuel-efficient technology, pose sustainability issues.

The RTA is essential for many people’s commute to and from work, as well as a fun way to get downtown to enjoy a ballgame or a night out. It is vital for the safety of Cleveland residents that safety precautions are taken seriously, and regular maintenance is performed.

Sadly, accidents happen and people are seriously injured. If you’ve been in an accident and injured while riding an RTA vehicle, call me. I’ll Make Them Pay!®

Contact Me for Help With Your Injury Claim

Those of us who rely on public transportation to get from one place to another, likely never imagine they can be hurt in an RTA accident. You will need legal representation – I will make sure the responsible party is held accountable. Whether the accident was due to driver negligence, poor maintenance, or another driver, I’ll find out what happened and I’ll Make Them Pay!®

FAQs About Public Transportation Accidents

What should I do immediately after a public transportation accident?

After an accident involving a public transportation vehicle, prioritize safety. Check for injuries among passengers and drivers. If there are injuries call emergency services immediately. If possible, move vehicles to a safe location and wait for law enforcement to arrive.

Should I seek medical attention even if I don’t feel injured?

It’s advisable to seek medical attention after any accident, even if you don’t feel injured. Some injuries may not manifest symptoms right away, and a medical evaluation can identify hidden injuries or issues.

What information should I gather at the accident scene?

Collect essential information, including the names and contact details of all drivers and passengers involved, license plate numbers, vehicle descriptions, witness information. Photos of the accident scene, vehicle damage, and injuries.

What documentation and evidence should I keep for a potential legal claim?

Keep all relevant documents, including accident reports, medical records, insurance correspondence, repair estimates, and any communication related to the accident. Photos and witness statements can also be valuable evidence.

How long do I have to file a personal injury claim after the accident?

The statute of limitations for personal injury claims can vary. Call me as soon as possible to discuss your injury claim.

What can I do if I believe the public transportation driver was negligent?

If you suspect negligence on the part of the public transportation driver, it is imperative to call me right away at 800-556-4769.


Krystle Banks
Krystle Banks
14:32 20 Sep 23
Christine Filippelli
Christine Filippelli
01:55 18 May 23
DeAndre Merritt
DeAndre Merritt
06:58 23 Mar 23
Jake Ferri
Jake Ferri
23:46 01 Aug 22
I have no case and no one that I need Tim Misney to make pay, just wanted to say the best part of my day is getting to... drive by his billboards. His People's Eyebrow is immaculate and the new billboard with him on the motorcycle is downright bitchin'. Thank you Tim Misney for significantly improving the quality of my more
Jennifer Malainy
Jennifer Malainy
22:44 19 Jul 22
My favorite lawyer. Truly one of the kindest, smartest, and most genuine humans I have ever met. There is only one TIM... MISNY and he will make them pay!! God more
01:16 16 Feb 22
I spoke to Amy and Christine about a possible personal injury case involving my father and they were both helpful,... professional, knowledgeable and responsive. Although they could not help us with our case, I would highly recommend them!read more
Stephen Burks
Stephen Burks
20:12 21 Jan 22
It really comes down to what people say and do when they don't think anyone that matters is listening or they'll get... anything in return.There's the Tim Misny you see on the billboards and on TV, but there's another Tim Misny that I know up close and personal.The Tim Misny I know is genuinely passionate about helping the hard working little folks who get pushed around the big folks. He actually, really honestly cares about people who run into bad luck at no fault of their own. Tim has quietly, out of the sight of cameras and with no fanfare shared generously with the marginalized in our society; single moms, Veterans and others without expecting anything in return.He calls them like he sees them and you wouldn't want to take your troubles to anyone more
mark colucci
mark colucci
14:33 06 Dec 21
Mr. Misny is an angel here on earth and the BEST attorney in Ohio. He has helped my daughter who is in law school when... she needed the guidance most. He is a class act, a great family man, and extremely caring. If you need a lawyer in this field I would HIGHLY recommend. There is no other lawyer, in my opinion, better than Tim Misny.Thank you Tim for being a light in this community!read more
Damon Mitchell Sr .1st. (The Old-Man !!! Pop's !!!)
Damon Mitchell Sr .1st. (The Old-Man !!! Pop's !!!)
02:43 27 Nov 21
Advice on Law question? Also Advise to do more research for Different types of Situations that’s Criminal and Civil... Pursuits!City, State and Above State Level Situation .Pro Se !read more
Gianna Colucci
Gianna Colucci
12:56 04 Nov 21
Mr. Misny is the best! I am a 27-year-old single mother, and I am finishing law school in May at Cleveland-Marshall... College of Law. When I found myself jobless during the height of the pandemic, I knew I needed help. Going into the legal profession, I wanted to be JUST LIKE Mr. Misny because I knew he was the most successful attorney in the industry. I called him up one day just for the hell of it to see if there was anyway he could help me. I never thought such a big name/reputation like him would respond to me. However, when he learned of my financial situation he PERSONALLY called my cell phone within 5 minutes of my email. Not only has he helped me secure employment, but he continues to teach me every single day what it takes to be the BEST lawyer in the legal profession. I am forever thankful for Mr. Misny. He changed my life. He continues to inspire me every single day, and I am so proud that he took me under his wing and is my mentor. He is the most intelligent, kindest, caring attorney I have ever met, and he is giving me the tools I need to be the most successful lawyer I can be o give my four-year-old son, Gregory, the life he deserves. THANK YOU MR. TIM MISNY. I owe my entire future legal career to you because if you didn't take the time out of your busy day to call me that day and help me when no one else would, I would not have been able to stay in law school. You change lives every single day. Keep being you Tim. There is no one like Tim more
Brandon Hagerdon
Brandon Hagerdon
20:53 18 May 21
I met Tim 6 years ago when he was working with my mother. Since then we were able to stay in touch and build a... relationship. I reached out to Tim recently about an opportunity and he was able to connect the dots and help me with this. During this process he gave me his direct number to contact him if need be. If you are in need of any sort of help, I would recommend Tim every more
Jimmie Graham
Jimmie Graham
19:26 30 Mar 21
Tim is hands down the best lawyer in town. He was able to guide me through the legal process and keep me informed at... all stages. Which allowed me to not stress and focus on life. He was able to get me the best deal possible in my court case. One thing that blew me away is that he gave me his direct cell number and answered anytime I had a question which is rare with most lawyers. 100% Misny is the guy! There's a reason he's on literally every billboard in more
Paul McFadden
Paul McFadden
13:29 20 Jan 21
My relationship with Tim goes back over 30 years and is one of great trust and mutual respect. Tim represented me at a... critical point in my life and I will always be indebted to him for the difference he made. He is always just a phone call more
Rick Miller
Rick Miller
18:55 21 Dec 20
If I could reach into the sky just to pull more than 5 stars down for a rating I would! I have used other lawyers in... the past and it was such a pain to reach them when I needed them. Tim is in all honesty there for you. He gave me his personal phone number, and at anytime or any day he answered. If I had to leave a message I could count to 10 and he would already be calling me back. He also was willing to talk on the weekends! He didn’t just forward me to an impersonal automated system or a person with no experience. I will NEVER use another person for legal advice. He’s gracious enough to give me guidance whenever I have a question. No matter how complex. This may sound like an advertisement but I assure you this man was more in touch when I had an issue than my own family. A reasonable and caring family man who will MAKE THEM PAY!Thank you Timread more
PJ Camargo/Authentik Movement Training
PJ Camargo/Authentik Movement Training
01:51 22 Oct 20
I've had the pleasure of getting to know Tim personally over the past 2 years. Beyond him being an incredible lawyer &... 'Jack of all trades ' he is an amazing friend. One thing I love most is that he is family oriented & always making quality time for his loved ones. He inspires me to be a great role model &father figure one day. Tim loves nature & shares the true beauty of nature with how he raises his kids. From biking through trails & having his kids learn how to nurture the family garden - he teaches valuable lessons on how to appreciate the world we live in. I know that Tim is just a phone call away & always urgent to responding no matter the situation. He has given me some of the greatest advice & continously throwing positive energy my way! I'm honored to know him & be a friend of his. He is the true practioneer of changing lives & paying it forward. He has taught me so much in just a short amount of time. Tim Misny, a man that wakes up every single day to make a difference!read more
Scott Plate
Scott Plate
16:49 10 Oct 20
Tim has created a highly visible and effective law practice, and despite his decades of experience, he has never once... forgotten why he got into this business in the first place: to help people. He puts his whole heart into his work, and he works hard for everyone he represents. He has a gift for tuning out the noise and tuning into the core of what his clients need, and making it clear he has heard them. As a result, we feel empowered. He is smart, resourceful, creative, positive, and solution-oriented. His abundant energy makes people feel better, stronger, and valued. He loves and promotes his community; he gives back generously, and he always leaves everything better than he found it. Tim is a true man of action, and a man of his word. Could not recommend him more more
Mike M
Mike M
04:44 09 Oct 20
As a young man, I worked at a local garden center. I came from a family that had too many problems to list. I felt I... was never destined to be anything good. I had always wanted to be a police officer since I was a little boy. But, one side of my family told me that I would never be good enough to do it. Anytime I brought it up, they knocked me down until I started to believe that I could never accomplish my dream. One day, about 20 years ago, while working at that garden center, a very tall man came in and asked me to help him select plants. As we walked around the garden center, he struck up a conversation with me. He was very friendly and kind. I was a skinny teenager in dirty blue jeans and a t shirt. This man was dressed very nicely and I was surprised at how nice he was to me. During our conversation, he asked me what I wanted to do with my life after school. I told him that I wanted to be a police officer but many people told me that I’d never make it. I told him how my very own father said I wasn’t smart enough, brave enough, and I was wasting my time. I remember looking at the ground while I explained this to him. The man stopped and got serious. His voice dropped an octave and he looked me dead in the eyes. He pointed his finger at me and told me that I could make anything of my life that I wanted. He told me that it was up to ME to make my life goals come true. He told me to ignore anybody who tells me otherwise. He assured me that if I studied hard in school and never gave up on my dreams that they would become a reality. He told me to say it. I said “I can do it”. In that moment, I thought that if a complete stranger saw something in me, than maybe it could be true.After I helped him through the checkout and he left, many different employees at the garden center asked me if I knew who that man was. I did not. They told me, “That’s Tim Misny!” Once I figured out “who” Tim Misny was, my confidence grew. It was a pivotal moment. One in which steered the rest of my life. His words stuck with me. I worked hard and obtained my Associate’s Degree in Criminal Justice. I was hired by a local Law Enforcement Agency at the age of 21. I was sent to the Ohio State Highway Patrol Academy, which was an extremely tough place to be, to say the least. At the Academy, they try to break those who don’t have a determined spirit. On days I wanted to quit, I remembered Tim’s words. Maybe it was fate, maybe it was random chance.... I’ll never know But, Tim Misny helped me have the confidence and determination that was necessary to be where I’m at today. I’ve been a law enforcement officer for over 16 years. I’ve told this story to many of my coworkers.Tim, you’ll never understand how your words that spring day helped shape my future. Your words enabled me to provide a great life for myself and my family. I’m forever grateful.Mikeread more
Eric Evans
Eric Evans
21:02 04 Oct 20
Tim has represented me twice, once 30 years ago and again just recently. I was too young to fully appreciate his... expertise when he represented me the first time (as i was a minor who was the victim of an accident - he won for us, incidentally), but I'm old enough and wise enough now to really appreciate how truly great he is. First off, how many attorney's actually give you their cell phone number and actually answer? I would contend very, very few. Secondly, he has a street fighter mentality combined with a sharp legal intellect which makes you immediately think "I'm so glad this guy is on my side." I was really in a bind recently and Tim came through in spades - he is THE person I would call if I were in trouble or needed help - at a minimum he would know who I should talk to and direct me there (he knows his own limits, which is the key to a wise person) - at a maximum he would take on my fight himself and I'd have full confidence in his ability to deliver the best possible outcome for me - he fights for you like you're family - can't say it better than more
Benjamin Firstenberg
Benjamin Firstenberg
19:32 28 Sep 20
I worked as an intern for Tim the summer of 2017 and it was an unbelievable experience both for my career and personal... development. He treats his employees with a level of respect, appreciation and honesty that I've truly not seen anywhere else that I've worked. We've stayed in touch these past few years and I'm still learning from Tim, whether it be the way he sees the world, his career advice or his commitment to his family. He's an honest man who treats people more
David Shelton
David Shelton
01:13 30 Jun 20
I don't know much about Tim the lawyer, but I do know about Tim the man. Tim the man befriended me as a youth and gave... me the motivation to excel in school. Tim the man wrote the letter that got me into college and got me a helpful scholarship. Tim the man gave me an internship while in college. Tim the man has been a friend to me for over ten years. He makes himself available day or night whether I need advice or just want to talk about the day. There a lot of stigmas about attorneys (and they are earned) but Tim Misny bucks the stereotype. And if Tim the lawyer is half a good as Tim the man, he will live up to his word, and make them more
Mike Mercer
Mike Mercer
00:16 17 Jan 20
WOW! It is the only way to describe the tremendous experience I was afforded, when I contacted and then retained Tim... Misny, to handle a case for me. I had been injured in an automobile accident and needed help and direction, Tim and his staff provided both.The personal attention and clarity of the matter and specifics, gave me a state of comfort and satisfaction that I could have found nowhere else! I will be forever grateful to have Tim Misny as my attorney and my friend!I am a businessman in the Greater Cleveland area and have directed various members of my staffs as well as personal friends to Tim for solutions to their personal injury case needs. All my referrals have been more than pleased with the service and personal treatment they have received from Tim and his staff.I strongly recommend Tim Misny and his associates should you ever need the finest legal services available in Ohio! Trust is his number one priority, trust in knowing that you will be his client second, his friend first!read more
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The Law Offices of Tim Misny

Cleveland Office
3100 E. 45th St.
Suite 444
Cleveland OH 44127
Mailing Address:
Interstate Square I
4230 Chillicothe Rd. Ste 200
Willoughby, Ohio 44094

Disclaimer: All lawsuits are different and the Law Offices of Tim Misny make no representation or promise that it can obtain the same results in other legal matters. Nothing in this webpage constitutes a guarantee, warranty, or prediction regarding the outcome of any future legal matter.